Environmental concerns have led to a firm push toward solar
and wind energy in India. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) plans
to add 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022.
To meet the goal, the share of renewable power in India’s energy mix is gradually increasing.
The solar sector is witnessing installations and projects at an unprecedented
scale. The government has made the wind sector more competitive by introducing a
process to develop wind power projects. Small hydro is expected to see an
increase in installations, the MNRE has detailed project reports ready for
Renewable energy sources currently make up 15.07 percent
with a capacity of 46,665.53 MW. Hydro makes up 13.93 percent accounting for
43,133.43 MW of the total power generated in the country. The government of
India is considering inclusion
of large hydro in renewables. If approved,
renewables will account for almost 30 percent of the entire power generated in
With more than 8.8 GW of solar energy installed to date,
solar represents 2.9 percent of the net installed capacity in India and
accounts for almost 19 percent of all renewable energy generation.
According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), the
coal-based generation capacity in India is 60.66 percent of the total installed
capacity of 309,582.86 MW as on November 30, 2016. The total thermal power
generation stands at 69.13 percent with a capacity of 214,003.90 MW, slightly
lower than before. According to latest CEA projections,
the share of coal will drastically fall in the coming years.
Nuclear power has a total capacity of 5,780 MW and is 1.87
percent of total installations. The capacity hasn’t
changed, but the percentage share has fallen as installation and generation in
other sectors have increased.