Twenty-five states in India have fallen behind their
renewable purchase obligation (RPO) targets. The state-wise installation
targets set by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) have not been met;
only 2,250 MW of solar was installed through December 31, 2016, compared to the
targeted 12,000 MW for financial year (FY) 2016-17. States are now being requested
by MNRE to ensure RPO compliance including through purchase of renewable energy
An MNRE state-by-state progress report on renewable energy for
FY 2015-16 shows that Meghalaya, Karnataka, Nagaland, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra
Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh,
Chhattisgarh, Punjab, and the Union Territory (UT) of Andaman and Nicobar achieved
above 60 percent RPO compliance. The remaining states
and union territories achieved less than 60 percent RPO compliance.
Considering the actual RPO level
specified by the State electricity regulatory commissions (SERCs) for the year
2016-17, it is estimated that for FY 2016-17 over 2,034 MW of solar is needed
by the remaining 25 states and union territories to fulfill the solar RPO,
stated an MNRE report.
Since the RPO targets are yet to be met, all states should
align their policies with MNRE targets and in accordance with regulations
issued by regulatory commissions like the Central Electricity Authority (CEA)
and Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC), stated an MNRE official.
The delay in solar
parks is one of the reasons, and MNRE is trying its best to fast-track
development of solar parks and related infrastructure, added the MNRE official.
To achieve respective RPOs, the MNRE has asked the states
- Ensure RPO compliance by increasing the share of
- Comply with RPO either through the purchase of
renewable power or through the purchase of renewable energy certificates.
- Align RPO levels as suggested in the revised
Tariff Policy and long-term RPO trajectory as declared by the Ministry of
Renewable Purchase Obligation targets will become easily
achievable once the Green
Energy Corridor is complete, as it will provide for easy trade in renewable
power, stated the MNRE official. The new
rooftop policy from MNRE is also expected to increase installation activity
in the sector [helping with RPO obligations]. The MNRE will have to step up and respond to
issues early; we have learned from the past and know how to fast-track
processes to remove bottlenecks, added the MNRE official.
the reason for non-compliance is financial,”
commented Raj Prabhu, CEO of Mercom Capital Group. “The financial health of DISCOMs have been a primary hurdle
for India in scaling its power generation and especially more expensive
renewable sources like solar. Most of the states have joined UDAY (Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana, a financial
turnaround program that targets DISCOM debt reduction) to fix these issues. Financial health of
DISCOMs need to turn around sooner rather than later for more robust renewable
installations which would in turn increase the RPO compliance” said Raj Prabhu.
To find a copy of
Mercom’s most recent market update on the Indian
solar sector, visit: http://bit.ly/MercomIndiaDec2016Form